LibreNMS – Setting up Alerts to monitor Voltage on Mikrotik Routers

Create Alert Rule

Go to “Alerts -> Alert Rules” Then “Create rule from Collection”

Search for “Sensor under limit” and Select

Setup Sensor under limit

Configure Alert Rule

Add another rule to limit to just the Voltage Sensors by using the “sensors.sensor_class = Voltage”

Select your Groups and Transports and Save.

Modify Alert Rule

Disable Alerts for Unused Ports

You may get some alerts because there are some ports that do not have any any voltage on them. You can disable them on a per device basis by going to the “device -> Edit -> Health” and turning alerts off

Turn off voltage alerts on port that has no PoE

Manually create graph of device in LibreNMS

In LibreNMS, you can hit the “Show RRD Command” to give you the command to manually create a graph.  Copy the command.

In the command below, the path shows the IP address of the device to generate the graph from.  Theoretically you can change that to a different IP to generate graphs from other devices.

SSH into server server and run the command, change /tmp/randomtext to something like /root/mikrotik_092619.png or whatever you want.  You can also adjust the size, color etc of the graph.

 rrdtool graph /tmp/randomtext --alt-y-grid --alt-autoscale-max --rigid -E --start 1515946500 --end 1516551300 --width 1712.7 --height 483 -c BACK#EEEEEE00 -c SHADEA
#EEEEEE00 -c SHADEB#EEEEEE00 -c FONT#000000 -c CANVAS#FFFFFF00 -c GRID#a5a5a5 -c MGRID#FF9999 -c FRAME#5e5e5e -c ARROW#5e5e5e -R normal --font LEGEND:8:DejaVuSansMono --font AXIS:7:DejaVuSansMono -
-font-render-mode normal COMMENT:'Volts Cur Min Max\n' DEF:sensor495=/opt/librenms/rrd/192.168.88.1/sensor-voltage-routeros-0.rrd:sensor:AVERAGE LINE1:sensor495#CC0000:'Voltage 0
 ' GPRINT:sensor495:LAST:%5.1lfV GPRINT:sensor495:MIN:%5.1lfV GPRINT:sensor495:MAX:%5.1lfV\l

LibreNMS manually adjust GPS coordinates for a Geo Location

The locations are stored in the LibreNMS locations table

mysql -u librenms -p librenms

To list all the locations

select * from locations;

Set the specific coordinates for a location using the following command.
Replace the lat and lng, also the id should match the line your wanting to update.

update locations set lat = "33.5140",lng = "-86.8178" where id=25;

LibreNMS dump devices in MySQL database

All the devices are stored in the librenms datebase devices table.

You can dump all of them with the following command from a shell prompt.

sudo mysql -u librenms  -p librenms -e "select hostname,sysName from devices"

Example output

[jim@localhost ~]$ sudo mysql -p librenms -e "select hostname,sysName from devices"
 Enter password:
 +----------------------------------------+--------------------------------+
 | hostname                               | sysName                        |
 +----------------------------------------+--------------------------------+
 | 192.168.1.1                            | linksys                        |
 | 192.168.1.9                            | wifi-unifi                     |
 +----------------------------------------+--------------------------------+

Install Oxidized on LibreNMS

Install Oxidized

Install Instructions from here

Install prerequisites

sudo yum -y install make cmake which sqlite-devel openssl-devel libssh2-devel ruby gcc ruby-devel libicu-devel gcc-c++

Install Ruby Gems

gem install oxidized
gem install oxidized-script oxidized-web

If you run into issues with installing the oxidized-web gem because of a ruby version, try installing ruby 2.6.1 via rvm the docs say install 2.1.2, but was having issues with it. 2.6.1 seems fine.

Install Oxidized

gem install oxidized 
gem install oxidized-script
gem install oxidized-web

Run Oxidized twice to generate the config

oxidized

If you have issues running oxidized due to an invalid or self signed ssl cert, you can either fix the cert or ignore it in the oxidized config. https://github.com/ytti/oxidized/pull/618/files

Modify the Oxidized config file in “/root/.config/oxidized/config” to look like this.

Modify the http portion of the config file to look like the following.

http:
url: https://localhost/api/v0/oxidized
scheme: https
secure: false

Setup Config

vi .config/oxidized/config

Setup the config, Basic config below, edit as needed

---
username: admin
password: password
model: airos
resolve_dns: true
interval: 3600
use_syslog: false
debug: false
threads: 30
timeout: 20
retries: 3
prompt: !ruby/regexp /^([\w.@-]+[#>]\s?)$/
rest: 127.0.0.1:8888
next_adds_job: false
vars: {}
groups:
airos:
username: ubnt
password: ubnt
routeros:
username: admin
password:
vars:
ssh_port: 2222
models: {}
pid: /home/incredigeek/.config/oxidized/pid
crash:
directory: /home/incredigeek/.config/oxidized/crashes
hostnames: false
stats:
history_size: 10
input:
default: ssh, telnet
debug: false
ssh:
secure: false
ftp:
passive: true
utf8_encoded: true
output:
default: file
file:
directory: /home/incredigeek/.config/oxidized/configs
source:
default: http
debug: false
http:
secure: false
scheme: https
url: https://localhost/api/v0/oxidized
map:
name: hostname
model: os
group: group
headers:
X-Auth-Token: '3wq2b87fj4e6fb5987b5812t6ej9709g'
model_map:
cisco: ios
juniper: junos
mikrotik: routeros

Setup as system service

Find the “oxidized.service” file, should be in

/usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.6.1/gems/oxidized-0.25.1/extra/oxidized.service

and copy it to

/usr/lib/systemd/system/

Edit it and change the user and try to launch it

systemctl start oxidized

If it fails, you may need to substitute the ExecStart= variable to the following more info

ExecStart=/usr/local/rvm/gems/ruby-2.6.1/wrappers/oxidize

Change the ruby number if yours is different.

Enable the service on system boot up and start

systemctl enable --now oxidized

Check that oxidized is running

systemctl status oxidized

LibreNMS config

Add the following to your /opt/librenms/config.php config file.

# Oxidized configuration
$config['oxidized']['enabled'] = TRUE;
$config['oxidized']['url'] = 'http://127.0.0.1:8888';
$config['oxidized']['features']['versioning'] = true;
$config['oxidized']['group_support'] = true;
$config['oxidized']['default_group'] = 'default';
$config['oxidized']['reload_nodes'] = true;# Oxidized configuration
$config['oxidized']['enabled'] = TRUE;
$config['oxidized']['url'] = 'http://127.0.0.1:8888';
$config['oxidized']['features']['versioning'] = true;
$config['oxidized']['group_support'] = true;
$config['oxidized']['default_group'] = 'default';
$config['oxidized']['reload_nodes'] = true;
$config['oxidized']['ignore_os'] = array('linux','windows');
$config['oxidized']['ignore_types'] = array('server','power');

LibreNMS should now feed Oxidized the devices.

You can check in the LibreNMS interface to see if it is getting the configs. https://librenms/oxidized

where librenms is your LibreNMS servers ip/hostname.

LibreNMS enable RRDCached on CentOS 7

Commands from https://docs.librenms.org/Extensions/RRDCached/

Create System Service

sudo vi /etc/systemd/system/rrdcached.service
[Unit]
Description=Data caching daemon for rrdtool
After=network.service
[Service]
Type=forking
PIDFile=/run/rrdcached.pid
ExecStart=/usr/bin/rrdcached -w 1800 -z 1800 -f 3600 -s librenms -U librenms -G librenms -B -R -j /var/tmp -l unix:/run/rrdcached.sock -t 4 -F -b /opt/librenms/rrd/
[Install]
WantedBy=default.target

Save with esc + :wq

Enable rrdcached service on boot up and start the service now

systemctl enable --now rrdcached.service

Enable RRDcached in librenms config

vi /opt/librenms/config.php

add/edit the following line. If it is commented out, uncomment it

$config['rrdcached'] = "unix:/run/rrdcached.sock";

Save with esc + :wq

Check the disk IO after a little bit to see if it went down.

LibreNMS manually clean up MySQL Syslog Database

Adding the following option to the config.php file is supposed to delete anything over 30 days.

$config['syslog_purge']                                 = 30;

You can also manually delete the entries out of the MySQL database by logging into MySQL, selecting the librenms database, and running the command below.

The command deletes all entries older than 12/9/2018 at 08:00. Change the date and time as needed.

DELETE FROM syslog WHERE timestamp < '2018-12-9 08:00:00';

The following link has some more clean up options.
https://docs.librenms.org/Support/Cleanup-options/