Change UniFi Camera Password from Command Line

Basic steps are

  • Change password with passwd
  • Copy passwd hash to /tmp/system.cfg
  • Apply Changes

Changing Password with passwd

The passwd command is normally used for changing the password for a Linux user. We’ll use it to change our user password and then copy the hash out of the /etc/passwd file to use in the Ubiquiti config file.

UVC.v4.18.37.67# passwd
Changing password for admin
New password:
Retype password:
passwd: password for admin changed by admin
UVC.v4.18.37.67#

Copy passwd hash to /tmp/system.cfg

Using “cat /etc/passwd”, we can get what the new password hash is and can copy that into the /tmp/system.cfg file.

UVC.v4.18.37.67# cat /etc/passwd
admin:$6$K4VfN1jGcxaX63Eo$yMGBg7jgCCg.HorkmkQf9wnQcEko.1onZcAa6ua421LonYgfYr8FgHprrwkMqaTYzH0KqCtOEPqDlB3AvkvcW.:0:0:Administrator:/etc/persistent:/bin/sh
UVC.v4.18.37.67#

Open up the /tmp/system.cfg config file, find the section below and replace the hash part, i.e. the part that is in bold.

users.1.name=admin
users.1.password=$6$K4VfN1jGcxaX63Eo$yMGBg7jgCCg.HorkmkQf9wnQcEko.1onZcAa6ua421LonYgfYr8FgHprrwkMqaTYzH0KqCtOEPqDlB3AvkvcW.
users.1.status=1

As a side note, you can copy and past all of the “users.1.*” lines and change the 1 to 2 and have a second user.

Apply Changes

You can use the following command to write the changes and then reboot the camera.

cfgmtd -f /tmp/system.cfg -w && reboot

Long Example

[admin@localhost ~]$ ssh ubnt@10.96.1.91
ubnt@10.96.1.91's password:
BusyBox v1.29.2 () built-in shell (ash)
UVC.v4.18.37.67# passwd
Changing password for admin
New password:
Retype password:
passwd: password for admin changed by admin
UVC.v4.18.37.67# cat /etc/passwd
admin:$6$K4VfN1jGcxaX63Eo$yMGBg7jgCCg.HorkmkQf9wnQcEko.1onZcAa6ua421LonYgfYr8FgHprrwkMqaTYzH0KqCtOEPqDlB3AvkvcW.:0:0:Administrator:/etc/persistent:/bin/sh
UVC.v4.18.37.67# vi /tmp/system.cfg <- Edit the text file and replace the hash with the one from above
UVC.v4.18.37.67# cfgmtd -f /tmp/system.cfg -w && reboot

Upgrade AirFiber 11 to 4.1 from SSH

https://help.ui.com/hc/en-us/articles/204977444-airFiber-Updating-the-Firmware

Quick list of commands

ssh ubnt@192.168.1.20  <- Replace with username and IP address
cd /tmp
wget http://dl.ui.com/firmwares/airfiber11X/v4.1.0/AF11.v4.1.0.bin
mv AF11.v4.1.0.bin fwupdate.bin
/sbin/fwupdate -m
  1. Upload the firmware using FTP or SCP to the /tmp directory
  2. Rename the file from AF11…bin to fwupdate.bin
  3. Start the upgrade with
/sbin/fwupdate -m

Wait for it to finish upgrading

Install UniFi 5.6.42 in Docker

Pull UniFi 5.6.42 docker image

sudo docker pull jacobalberty/unifi:5.6.42

Install image

sudo docker run -d --init --restart=unless-stopped --name=unifi-controller --net=host --volume=/docker/unifi:/var/lib/unifi -p 8080:8080/tcp -p 8081:8081/tcp -p 8443:8443/tcp -p 8843:8843/tcp -p 8880:8880/tcp -p 8883:8883/tcp -p 3478:3478/udp jacobalberty/unifi:5.6.42

Access and setup the unifi controller from a browser.

https://ip-address:8443

UNMS is starting… Repairing UNMS

UNMS is starting

Checking log files.

Log files are located in /home/unms/data/logs

larry@localhost:~$ sudo tail -f /home/unms/data/logs/unms.b5a3713b02f71e06fb3a84a3a9a75c558.log
{"msg":"setting permissions on /home/app/unms/data/control","name":"unknown","hostname":"unknown","pid":0,"v":0,"level":30,"tag":"unms","time":"2020-04-17T16:28:35+00:00"}
{"msg":"Linking /home/app/unms/public/site-images -> /home/app/unms/data/images","name":"unknown","hostname":"unknown","pid":0,"v":0,"level":30,"tag":"unms","time":"2020-04-17T16:28:35+00:00"}
{"msg":"Linking /home/app/unms/public/firmwares -> /home/app/unms/data/firmwares","name":"unknown","hostname":"unknown","pid":0,"v":0,"level":30,"tag":"unms","time":"2020-04-17T16:28:35+00:00"}
{"msg":"Stepping down from root: su-exec \"/usr/local/bin/docker-entrypoint.sh\" \"index.js\"","name":"unknown","hostname":"unknown","pid":0,"v":0,"level":30,"tag":"unms","time":"2020-04-17T16:28:35+00:00"}
{"msg":"Running docker-entrypoint index.js","name":"unknown","hostname":"unknown","pid":0,"v":0,"level":30,"tag":"unms","time":"2020-04-17T16:28:35+00:00"}
{"msg":"Version: 1.1.6+e6ec4747d.2020-03-13T10:52:14+01:00","name":"unknown","hostname":"unknown","pid":0,"v":0,"level":30,"tag":"unms","time":"2020-04-17T16:28:35+00:00"}
{"msg":"Waiting for database containers","name":"unknown","hostname":"unknown","pid":0,"v":0,"level":30,"tag":"unms","time":"2020-04-17T16:28:35+00:00"}
{"msg":"psql: fe_sendauth: no password supplied","name":"unknown","hostname":"unknown","pid":0,"v":0,"level":30,"tag":"unms","time":"2020-04-17T16:28:35+00:00"}
{"msg":"nc: bad address 'unms-redis'","name":"unknown","hostname":"unknown","pid":0,"v":0,"level":30,"tag":"unms","time":"2020-04-17T16:28:35+00:00"}

Stop UNMS

sudo ~unms/app/unms-cli stop

Start UNMS

sudo ~unms/app/unms-cli start

Fix Redis AOF

sudo ~unms/app/unms-cli fix-redis-aof

Running the above command resolved the problem and let UNMS start working.

larry@localhost:~$ sudo ~unms/app/unms-cli stop
larry@localhost:~$ sudo ~unms/app/unms-cli fix-redis-aof
Creating network "unms_internal" with the default driver
Creating network "unms_public" with the default driver
Creating unms-fluentd
The AOF appears to start with an RDB preamble.
Checking the RDB preamble to start:
[offset 0] Checking RDB file --fix
[offset 26] AUX FIELD redis-ver = '5.0.5'
[offset 40] AUX FIELD redis-bits = '64'
[offset 52] AUX FIELD ctime = '1587130996'
[offset 67] AUX FIELD used-mem = '276217328'
[offset 83] AUX FIELD aof-preamble = '1'
[offset 85] Selecting DB ID 0
[offset 80304063] Checksum OK
[offset 80304063] \o/ RDB looks OK! \o/
[info] 3307 keys read
[info] 0 expires
[info] 0 already expired
RDB preamble is OK, proceeding with AOF tail…
0x 79b7264: Expected prefix '*', got: '
AOF analyzed: size=127631360, ok_up_to=127627876, diff=3484
This will shrink the AOF from 127631360 bytes, with 3484 bytes, to 127627876 bytes
Continue? [y/N]: Successfully truncated AOF
larry@localhost:~$ sudo ~unms/app/unms-cli start

On the forums they seemed to recommend stopping the service and running

sudo ~unms/app/unms-cli rewrite-redis-aof

I was getting the following error when trying to run this command. Running the above command worked though.

larry@localhost:~$ sudo ~unms/app/unms-cli stop
larry@localhost:~$ sudo redis-check-aof --fix ~unms/data/redis/appendonly.aof
The AOF appears to start with an RDB preamble.
Checking the RDB preamble to start:
[offset 0] Checking RDB file --fix
--- RDB ERROR DETECTED ---
[offset 9] Can't handle RDB format version 9
[additional info] While doing: start
[additional info] Reading type 0 (string)
[info] 0 keys read
[info] 0 expires
[info] 0 already expired
RDB preamble of AOF file is not sane, aborting.
larry@localhost:~$ 

https://community.ui.com/questions/ERROR-UNMS-is-starting-This-should-not-take-more-than-a-minute-/1010b107-dfd4-4c0f-b667-2f3cf4ef713b
https://community.ui.com/questions/UNMS-is-broken-after-upgrade-from-13-x-to-14-x/411ec85e-7a1b-4d17-bb12-34e449b4ae5a

MongoDB – dpkg-deb: error: paste subprocess was killed by signal (Broken pipe)

Ran into an issue when trying to figure out some problems with UniFi and UniFi-Video. Upgrading both to the latest version was causing problems, because they both needed different versions of MongoDB.

Was getting the following error when trying to install MongoDB. Think I was trying to install Mongo following the instructions on their site and then it caused issues with apt.

dpkg: error processing archive /var/cache/apt/archives/mongodb-org-server_4.2.5_amd64.deb (--unpack):
trying to overwrite '/usr/bin/mongod', which is also in package mongodb-server-core 1:3.6.3-0ubuntu1.1
dpkg-deb: error: paste subprocess was killed by signal (Broken pipe)

Removed the following file

rm /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org-4.2.list

and was able to use apt again to install MongoDB. Didn’t end up solving my problem because I technically needed two versions, but at least apt was being nice again. Ended up installing the UniFi controller docker container and can run both on the same server that way.