Authentication, Authorization, and Accounting or AAA is an framework that allows access to a computer network/resource,
Authentication identifies the user. It’s from the Greek authentikos “real, genuine”. We can think of it as proving the identity of the user. Bob sits down at the computer and types in his password (Something he knows) and confirms that he is in fact Bob.
Authorization is the privileges that the user has to the system. For instance, Bob is now authenticated to the computer, but he may only be authorized to access email and a web browser.
Authorization and Authentication can get confusing. In simple terms
Authentication – Who are you?
Authorization – What you have access to.
Accounting is the auditing or logging arm of AAA. It is for answering the 5 Ws Who did what, when, where, and how. For instance, accounting could log that Bob checked his email at 9:30AM, Improved his mind by reading posts on incredigeek.com for a couple hours, then checked email again before shutting the computer down.
Hopefully that is a short helpful explanation of AAA. For more information, check out the following links.
This error can show up on Windows if you have already copied a file with the same name. To fix the issue, just copy it to a file with a different name. Change cap.pcap to cap1.pcap and so forth as needed.
The Network Miner tool is a handy little utility that works great on Windows. It sorta works on Linux. Doesn’t appear to be able to read the traffic coming off the interface, but you can drag and drop a pcap file on it. You can export a pcap file from wireshark, but it needs to be a pcap, not the newer default pcap Wireshark defaults to. Can change it in the “Save as:”
WARNING: META-INF/xxx.version not protected by signature...
Sounds like this can be expected and is a common thing. The certificate is stored in META-INF which means that other files stored in META-INF are not protected. Most of the files in that directory are only version numbers of libraries the app depends on. There shouldn’t be anything important so shouldn’t be a security concern.
Mark manages the Ubiquiti UniFi applications at Incredigeek Inc. and is unable to access the UniFi controller. It starts loading and then stops. The URL bar shows that it is trying to load a null network site.
Thankfully the WiFi is still working, Mark thinks to himself, but how am I supposed to manage the network? I am able to access the UniFi Core application, so maybe I can login using a secure shell and check on the application.
Once logged in, and after using the google, he finds that unifi-os restart will restart the UniFi applications. But I just need to restart the Network application. Running “unifi-os” –help reveals the following options.