no permissions (user in plugdev group; are your udev rules wrong?)

While trying to use ADB on a Linux Computer, I received the following error from “adb devices”

no permissions (user in plugdev group; are your udev rules wrong?);

Not exactly sure what causes the above error, but the information in the following Stack Exchange link was helpful.

I was able to get around the issue by putting the USB option to “File Transfer Mode” from the notifications menu

How to Restore Pixel to Factory Image

Restoring a Pixel to the factory image is a pretty straight forward operation if you are familiar with fastboot and adb. This guide assumes you have fastboot already installed and setup in your user path. If not you can refer to the following link for more information.


1. Download OTA Image

Go to the following link and download the Factory Image for your device

Extract the file and then open a terminal or command prompt in that directory.

2. Boot up Pixel in recovery

You can do this with “adb reboot recovery” or with the volume key to boot into the Android boot menu.

3. Flash Image

On Windows you can flash the firmware with


Or on Linux


Should take it a couple of minutes to complete.

Next we can lock bootloader with

fastboot flashing lock

You will need to confirm the lock on your phone.

Add ADB path to Windows Environment Variables

From the start menu search for “Edit environment variables for your account”

Click Path and then Edit.

Edit Environment Variables

Then click new and paste in the path to the ADB directory which should be


And hit OK

Adding ADB path

You should be good now. You’ll need to relaunch and Command Prompts you have open, but you should be able to run adb without having to navigate to the adb folder.

TWRP – ADB Sideload

Go to and download the correct version TWRP for your device.

Boot into boot loader menu

Plug you phone into a computer that has fastboot installed and run

sudo fastboot boot Downloads/twrp-3.3.0-0-sailfish.img

Note you may need to unlock your boot loader.

Your phone should now boot up into TWRP

Boot into TWRP

Swipe to Allow Modifications

Select Advanced

Select advanced

Then hit ADB Sideload.

Swipe to start the sideload and then sideload from your computer

adb sideload

More detailed explaination

Extract Android backup

Install Android Backup Toolkit

cd android-backup-tookit/android-backup-extractor/android-backup-extractor-20180521-bin

Unpack backup. Changes it from an ab to a tar file

java -jar abe.jar unpack ~/path/to/backup.ab ~/path/to/backup.tar

After thats complete, you can untar it. Change Desktop to the path you want to extract to.

tar -xvf ~/path/to/backup.tar -C ~/Desktop/

Backup Android with adb on Windows

Install SDK

Install Android Studio. This will install the SDK and tools like adb and fastboot

Download from here

To run adb, you’ll need to be in the same directory as it, so open a Command Prompt and cd to the following directory.

cd %APPDATA%..\Local\Android\Sdk\platform-tools

Full directory path is


Backup Android

On your Android device you will need to enable USB debugging from the developer options. Enable the developer options if you have not already.

When you plug your phone in it should ask you to Allow USB debugging. Hit OK to enable it.

Now run the backup command from your computer. Replace UserName with your computers User Name

adb backup -apk -obb -shared -all -f \Users\UserName\Desktop\android-backup.ab

On your phone you should get a window that shows Full Backup

Add optional password for backup and hit “Back up my data on phone”

Now Wait for it to finish…

Restore Backup

adb restore C:\Users\UserName\android-backup.ab

Should get a restore window on your phone, hit restore and wait.


error: device unauthorized.
This adb server's $ADB_VENDOR_KEYS is not set
Try 'adb kill-server' if that seems wrong.
Otherwise check for a confirmation dialog on your device.

USB Debugging is not allowed for computer. Try replugging the USB cable and accepting the USB Debugging.