Repairing Fedora grub from chroot

Notes from repairing a Fedora drive.

Mount system in chroot.

If the system is a raid drive and your not able to access it refer to this post.  May just need to install the raid utilities.

For mounting the chroot environment refer to this post

Repairing grub

yum install grub2-efi-*

Install grub.  Change /sda to your drive, may need to specify the efi partition.

grub2-install /dev/sda

If your boot and efi partitions are mounted.

grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/grub.cfg

Reboot.

DNF/YUM not working in chroot environment

The reason is probably because the chrooted environment can’t resolve DNS.

Test it with

ping incredigeek.com

If it is not resolving, edit “/etc/resolv.conf” and change/add your nameserver.  Or just replace everything in it with

echo "nameserver 4.2.2.2" > /etc/resolv.conf

It should now be able to resolve and you should be able to use yum, or dnf.

yum update

RAID Volume not accessible in Linux

Typically your RAID volumes will show up as /dev/mdXXX

If it is not, it could be because the device mapper module is not loaded.  Load it by running the following command.

modprobe dm-mod

As a side note you can list the block devices using

dmraid -b

https://bbs.archlinux.org/viewtopic.php?id=42321

If your still having trouble you can try installing mdadm and dmraid

apt-get install -y dmraid mdadm

 

semanage Allow and Delete ports in CentOS

The commands are for CentOS, but should work on Fedora and RedHat.

If semanage is not installed refer to here.

You would typically use this along with the systems firewall to allow a port through.  Guide for firewalld and iptables.  If you change it in the firewall and fail to add/edit it in semanage you can potentially get weird behavior like sshd not wanting to start after changing the port.

Add port

semanage port -a -t ssh_port_t -p tcp 2222

The above command allows the sshd service to start, using port 2222.

List allowed ports

semanage port -l

You can use grep to filter the results

Example:

[admin@localhost ~]# semanage port -l | grep ssh
ssh_port_t tcp 2222, 22
[admin@localhost ~]#

Delete port

semanage port -d -p tcp 2222

Other examples

Allow SNMP

semanage port -a -t snmp_port_t -p udp 161

 

How to install Broadcom WiFi drivers in Fedora 27

Install RPM Fusion

sudo dnf install https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm https://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm

Install packages

sudo dnf install -y kernel-devel-$(uname -r)
sudo dnf install -y akmodssudo dnf install -y broadcom-wl

Give the computer a reboot and the Broadcom card should now work.

Allow KDE Connect through firewall

Firewalld

sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=1714-1764/tcp
sudo firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port=1714-1764/udp
sudo systemctl restart firewalld.service

UFW firewall

sudo ufw allow 1714:1764/udp
sudo ufw allow 1714:1764/tcp
sudo ufw reload

More information https://community.kde.org/KDEConnect

Install Hashcat on Fedora

Install nVidia drivers.  Guide here.

Download binary files from the hashcat website

https://hashcat.net/hashcat/

or use wget

wget https://hashcat.net/files/hashcat-4.1.0.7z

Extract with p7zip

7z x hashcat-4.1.0.7z

cd into the hashcat directory

cd hashcat-4.1.0

Run hashcat

./hashcat64.bin -t 32 -a 7 example0.hash ?a?a?a?a example.dict

Example script:

sudo dnf install p7zip
wget https://hashcat.net/files/hashcat-4.1.0.7z
7z x hashcat-4.1.0.7z
cd hashcat-4.1.0
./hashcat64.bin -t 32 -a 7 example0.hash ?a?a?a?a example.dict

Errors:
If you get the following error, try re-extracting the 7z file with the “x” option, not “e”.  “x : eXtract files with full paths” and ” e : Extract files from archive (without using directory names)”

inc_cipher_aes256.cl: No such file or directory

Install nVidia GeForce Drivers on Fedora 27

Install free and non-free rpmfusion

sudo dnf install https://download1.rpmfusion.org/free/fedora/rpmfusion-free-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm https://download1.rpmfusion.org/nonfree/fedora/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-$(rpm -E %fedora).noarch.rpm

Install drivers

dnf install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia akmod-nvidia
dnf install xorg-x11-drv-nvidia-cuda 
dnf update -y

Reboot

reboot

You may need to set the DPI settings.  See here for more details.