This is for extending a regular Ubuntu Linux partition, if you need to resize, expand a LVM partition refer to this guide. I am using Gparted as I ran into some issues using parted for moving the partitions around.
Shut the VM down,
sudo shutdown -h now
It is a good idea to take a snapshot of the VM before resizing the disk, so if you run into an issue you have something to revert back to. In the vSphere Client, right click on the VM -> Snapshot -> Take Snapshot.
Change VM Disk size by right clicking on the VM and going to Edit Settings
You can now boot up the VM. Fire up GParted and it should show some unallocated space at the end of your drive.
Now in the next two images we are moving the Extended partition, which contains the Swap Partition to the end of the drive, so the unallocated space is adjacent to our root partition.
- Turn off the swap space by right clicking on the swap partition and hit Swapoff.
- Right click on the extended partition and extend to the the end of the Drive
- Right click on linux-swap and move to the end of drive.
- You should now have something similar to this
Hit Apply and write the changes to the disk then
- Right click on the extended partition and shrink to the end
- Right click on /dev/sda1 “Root partition” and extend to extended partition.
It should now look like this
Hit apply, then right click on the linux-swap and turn Swapon.
Enjoy the extra space.
Install kernel headers, dkms, etc
dnf -y kernel-headers kernel-devel dkms gcc gcc-c++
Reboot the VM
Mount the Guest Additions by going to menu > Devices > Insert Guest Additions CD image… or you can hit “Host + D”.
The Host key is typically the Right Ctrl(On Windows) or CMD(On OS X) key.
Installing the Guest Additions
Via the GUI
Mount the Guest Additions from your file browser, and then launch the “VBoxLinuxAdditions.run”.
You will need root privileges, so either launch your file browser as root, or drag and drop the “VBoxLinuxAdditions.run”, into a root terminal and hit Enter.
Via Command Line
sudo mount /dev/cdrom /tmp/vbox
If you run into any errors, try ejecting, and remounting the Guest Additions cd.
1. Open a terminal and change to the root user
2. Then cd into the following directory
3. Install wget.
yum install wget
4. Download the repo files with wget.
5. Install the dependencies.
yum install binutils gcc make patch libgomp glibc-headers glibc-devel kernel-headers kernel-devel dkms
6. Update your computer.
7. Install VirtualBox.
yum install VirtualBox-4.2
8. Add the VirtualBox user to the vboxusers group
usermod -a -G vboxusers user_name
9. Reboot your computer.
10. Enjoy. If you run into problems try the following.
I have created a script that will do all this for you, download here. All you need to do is the following 3 commands.
chmod +x fedora-vb-installer.sh