Windows 10 – Super slow copy speeds

It looks like the Windows Defender Real-time protection can cause issues when trying to copy files on a local drive even if the drive is an SSD.  Typically a copy seems to start out great, but then slows down to a crawl less then 1MB/s copy rate.  Probably has to do with Defender having to scan every file as it is copied.

To fix/increase the copy speeds you can turn off Real-time protection.

To turn off Windows Defender Real-time protection, open up Settings > Update and Security > Windows Security > Virus & threat protection “That should open up the Windows Defender Security Center” > Virus & threat protection settings

Now Turn Real-time protection off.

 

Setting up Proxy over SSH with Putty on Windows

What we are going to do is create a proxy using ssh so we can tunnel our web traffic in Firefox through it.

First, launch putty and setup a SSH connection like you normally would.

Next, in Putty, go to the Connection, SSH, Tunnels.  Set source port, change to Dynamic, and add.  In this example we are using port 1880.

After you have it set, Open the connection and log in.

Now go to the Proxy settings in Firefox.  You can open new tab, type about:preferences, hit enter, search proxy.

Set to Manual proxy configuration, then under SOCKS Host put localhost and the port number from Putty above, 1880 in our case.

You should now be running over the proxy, can test by running a whats my ip address.

This can be particularly useful in cases where you need to access a local IP address range on something like a Ubiquiti radio or router.  Or you need to check something from a different IP address.

How to Find System Uptime in Windows

There are a few different ways to view the system uptime.   either the Task Manager or the Command Prompt.

Task Manager

Launch the Task manager by using the Ctrl+Shift+ESC Shortcut keys, Right clicking on the Task Bar, or by searching and launching from the start menu.

Go to the Performance tab, view Up time at the bottom (On Windows 10 you may need to hit More “details first”

 

Command Prompt

Launch the Command Prompt.  Can do this by clicking start and searching for cmd.

Then run

 systeminfo | find "System Boot Time"

It’ll show you when the system last started up.

Example:

C:\Users\Owner>systeminfo | find "System Boot Time"
System Boot Time: 6/21/2018, 3:45:12 AM

C:\Users\Owner>

Add local DNS entry in Windows

Windows has a similar file like the Linux /etc/hosts file.  It is located in

Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts

You’ll need to have administrator privileges to modify the file.  So you can launch notepad as Administrator then open the file.  If you don’t see the file make sure the drop down across from “File name:” is set to “All Files”.

You can add entry’s just like you would on Linux

192.168.22.12   hostname

Issues installing or repairing Windows 10

Error : Windows could no prepare the computer to boot into the next phase of the installation
Notes : This happens right after you finish partitioning and installation never gets past 0%
Fix : Disconnect all drives except the drive you want to install Windows 10.  This includes laptops.

Issue : Can’t reach login screen
Notes : Can happen after an update, auto repair should fix it
Fix : Start up the computer normal and when it starts to load windows force shutdown the computer.  Repeat the process 2 times, on the third start up it will Automatically try to fix the issue.

Other Issues

Windows 10 seems to be a little weird when you have two installs on two different drives and your trying to repair one.  I have had issues when trying to repair one, or boot into safe mode.  Removing all other other drives seems to resolve most of the issues.

Issues with multiple drives with an install of Windows 10

  • Reset Drive resets the wrong drive
  • Boot into safemode doesn’t work

 

 

How to Allow Ping Through Windows Firewall

Open up Windows Firewall with Advanced Security.

You can do this by going to
Control Panel –> System and security –> Windows Firewall –> Advanced settings

Or hit the Windows key and type in firewall and hit enter

Select Inbound rules and then add a New Rule.  On the New Inbound Rule Wizard select Custom for the type of rule and hit next.  Allow All programs and then hit next again.  Select ICMPv4 as the Protocol type and if you want you can specify the ICMP types by clicking on the Customize button.  Finish running through the wizard give it a name etc. and click Finish when your done.

 

How to Reset a Windows Password

There are multiple ways to reset windows passwords.  This one replaces the sticky key program with a command prompt from which you can change the password.

To reset the forgotten windows password, follow these steps:

  1. Boot from a Windows setup DVD.  Any setup DVD should work.  Access the command prompt.
  2. Find the drive letter of the partition where Windows is installed.  In Vista, Windows 8 and XP, it is usually C:, I have read that in Windows 7, it is D: I am not sure which one it is.  In most cases because the first partition contains Startup Repair.  To find the drive letter, type C: (or D:, respectively) and search for the Windows folder.
  3. Type the following command (replace “c:” with the correct drive letter if Windows is not located on C:):
    copy c:\windows\system32\sethc.exe c:\
    This creates a copy of sethc.exe to restore later.
  4. Type this command to replace sethc.exe with cmd.exe: copy /y c:\windows\system32\cmd.exe c:\windows\system32\sethc.exe
  5. Reboot your computer and start the Windows installation where you forgot the administrator password.
  6. After you see the logon screen, press the SHIFT key five times.
  7. You should see a command prompt where you can enter the following command to reset the Windows password:net user your_user_name new_password

    If you don’t know your user name, just type net user to list the available user names.

  8. You can now log on with the new password.

 

I recommend that you replace sethc.exe with the copy you stored in the root folder of your system drive in step 3.  For this, you have to boot up again with Windows setup DVD because you can’t replace system files while the Windows installation is online.  Then you have to enter this command:

copy /y c:\sethc.exe c:\windows\system32\sethc.exe

You are now finished.