Windows 10 – How to “fully” shutdown

Windows 10 by default does a hybrid shutdown which is supposed to make it quicker to start back up.

To fully shutdown you can hold the Shift key down while clicking the shutdown button.

Side note. A Restart will do a full shutdown before starting back up.

More info.

https://www.bleepingcomputer.com/forums/t/625963/details-of-shut-down-vs-restart-please/#entry4079503
https://superuser.com/questions/974553/what-does-shiftshutdown-do-in-windows-10

TFTP firmware to Ubiquiti radio

Boot up radio in tftp mode by pressing the reset button for ~20seconds or till you get the crossing blinky lights.

Enable TFTP
In Windows, search for
“turn windows features on or off”
Open up and select tftp client. Then hit OK.

That should install the tftp client

Flash firmware
To flash the firmware, open up a command prompt and run the tftp command

tftp -i 192.168.1.20 PUT "\Users\bob\Downloads\XM.v6.1.3.31939.171117.1238.bin"

Can’t set default app for .blend file on Windows 10

Problem: Can’t set default program for .blend files to Windows store version of Blender

Usually is not a problem as you’ll get asked if you want to set a default program. When you hit yes, blender does not show up in the list of apps. That wouldn’t be a problem, except Blender is from the Windows Store, so there is no launcher in the ordinary places.

Resolution: Install regular Windows installer from Blenders website.

Other Info

Not sure if the issue is with the Store or Blender. The .blend file type does not show up in the Windows Settings under “Apps -> Default apps -> Choose default apps by file type” and Blender doesn’t show up under “Apps -> Default apps -> Set defaults by app”


Bash script to send messages to Microsoft Teams

Copy and save into teams.sh file. Make executable. Change web hook, Run!

The script is a modified Slack script from off the web.

#!/bin/bash
# bash script to send messages to Microsoft Teams.
function usage {
echo "HELP ME!"
echo "description: send messages to Microsoft Teams channels"
echo "special notes: You'll need to change the teamsUrl variable to contain your webhook from Teams."
echo "usage: ${0} -b \"Message contents\""
echo " -m Message body"
echo " -h This help info"
exit 1
}
while getopts "m:h" opt; do
case ${opt} in
m) msgBody="$OPTARG"
;;
h) usage
;;
\?) echo "Invalid option -$OPTARG" >&2
;;
esac
done
# Add/Change the webhook to one you created in Teams
teamsUrl="https://teamswebhook"
if [[ ! "${msgBody}" ]]; then
echo "You didn't specify a message!"
usage
fi
read -d '' payLoad << EOF
{
"text": "${msgBody}",
}
EOF
statusCode=$(curl \
--write-out %{http_code} \
--silent \
--output /dev/null \
-X POST \
-H 'Content-type: application/json' \
--data "${payLoad}" ${teamsUrl})
echo ${statusCode}

BitLocker – Command Prompt Commands

You’ll need administrator privileges to use these command. You can also run them from a command prompt in recovery

Check Status

manage-bde -status

Turn off Encryption

manage-bde -off C:

Change C: to the drive that has BitLocker on it. Check with the status command. May not be C if your in recovery.
Also note that after the encryption is turned off it takes awhile to decrypt. Check with status command

Unlock BitLocker Encrypted Drive

manage-bde -unlock C: -recoverypassword 11111-...-99999

Replace C: with actual drive

Replace the numbers at the end to your actual recovery key.

Microsoft Office Programs laggy when dragging with mouse

Problem: When clicking and dragging Office Programs by the title bar, the window is slow to move and respond to the mouse location.

Resolution: The problems appears to be related to the USB polling frequency for the mouse. Look at the mouse settings and try reducing the polling frequency. And/or try another mouse.

Windows 10 – Super slow copy speeds

It looks like the Windows Defender Real-time protection can cause issues when trying to copy files on a local drive even if the drive is an SSD.  Typically a copy seems to start out great, but then slows down to a crawl less then 1MB/s copy rate.  Probably has to do with Defender having to scan every file as it is copied.

To fix/increase the copy speeds you can turn off Real-time protection.

To turn off Windows Defender Real-time protection, open up Settings > Update and Security > Windows Security > Virus & threat protection “That should open up the Windows Defender Security Center” > Virus & threat protection settings

Now Turn Real-time protection off.

 

Setting up Proxy over SSH with Putty on Windows

What we are going to do is create a proxy using ssh so we can tunnel our web traffic in Firefox through it.

First, launch putty and setup a SSH connection like you normally would.

Next, in Putty, go to the Connection, SSH, Tunnels.  Set source port, change to Dynamic, and add.  In this example we are using port 1880.

After you have it set, Open the connection and log in.

Now go to the Proxy settings in Firefox.  You can open new tab, type about:preferences, hit enter, search proxy.

Set to Manual proxy configuration, then under SOCKS Host put localhost and the port number from Putty above, 1880 in our case.

You should now be running over the proxy, can test by running a whats my ip address.

This can be particularly useful in cases where you need to access a local IP address range on something like a Ubiquiti radio or router.  Or you need to check something from a different IP address.

How to Find System Uptime in Windows

There are a few different ways to view the system uptime.   either the Task Manager or the Command Prompt.

Task Manager

Launch the Task manager by using the Ctrl+Shift+ESC Shortcut keys, Right clicking on the Task Bar, or by searching and launching from the start menu.

Go to the Performance tab, view Up time at the bottom (On Windows 10 you may need to hit More “details first”

 

Command Prompt

Launch the Command Prompt.  Can do this by clicking start and searching for cmd.

Then run

 systeminfo | find "System Boot Time"

It’ll show you when the system last started up.

Example:

C:\Users\Owner>systeminfo | find "System Boot Time"
System Boot Time: 6/21/2018, 3:45:12 AM

C:\Users\Owner>