Repairing Fedora grub from chroot

Notes from repairing a Fedora drive.

Mount system in chroot.

If the system is a raid drive and your not able to access it refer to this post.  May just need to install the raid utilities.

For mounting the chroot environment refer to this post

Repairing grub

yum install grub2-efi-*

Install grub.  Change /sda to your drive, may need to specify the efi partition.

grub2-install /dev/sda

If your boot and efi partitions are mounted.

grub2-mkconfig -o /boot/efi/EFI/fedora/grub.cfg


DNF/YUM not working in chroot environment

The reason is probably because the chrooted environment can’t resolve DNS.

Test it with


If it is not resolving, edit “/etc/resolv.conf” and change/add your nameserver.  Or just replace everything in it with

echo "nameserver" > /etc/resolv.conf

It should now be able to resolve and you should be able to use yum, or dnf.

yum update

How to chroot into a Linux drive

Chrooting can be super useful for changing things like the root password, repairing grub bootloader etc., things that require the system to be mounted.  Typically if your chrooting into an OS drive you can boot up on a Live Linux distro, or use the Rescue feature on some Linux installers.

Mount main drive

Change sdb2 to the root partition of your drive.

mount /dev/sdb2 /mnt

Mount other stuff

mount -t proc none /mnt/proc
mount -o bind /dev /mnt/dev
mount -o bind /sys /mnt/sys
mount -o bind /run /mnt/run

If you want to, you can mount the boot partition.  Change sdb1 if your boot partition is something else.  For efi, you may need to mount the boot partition then mount the efi partition inside /boot/efi.

mount /dev/sdb1 /mnt/boot


 chroot /mnt

You should now be inside the chroot environment.  To exit the chroot, hit control+d or type exit.

If your having issues resolving DNS refer to this post.