In Ubuntu the simplest way to install the VMware tools is through apt.
sudo apt-get install open-vmware-tools
Shouldn’t have to do anything else.
You can also install the tools by hitting Install VMware tools from either the web UI, or vShpere. This will mount a virtual CD on the OS, you can then copy the contents to a local directory in the vm. You can then proceed to install them by extracting the tar file with
tar -xzf VMware*
cd into the new directory